Muhammad, from the Afar people, protects the herd from other rival tribes.
 Afar Region is the most neglected area in Ethiopia. Despite its significant geopolitical position and untapped natural resources, the region is left in political and economic disarray by successive central powers. The combination of sinister political maneuver, rampant corruption, and inconsistent development projects have exacerbated the social, economic and environmental adversities of the Afar people.  A major part of pastoralist community that makes 85% of the region’s population has been displaced due to federal agricultural projects and regime-affiliated investors. This was done without sustainable resettlement and reorientation towards the agro-pastoral way of life. Environmental degradation, recurrent drought, highly polluted Awash River, unmet health needs and border conflicts are among the few challenges to mention. Consequently, the Afar region remains the poorest of all within Ethiopian federation.
 Scarecrow Soldier, Tigray region. The Eritrean–Ethiopian War took place in 1998 with the final peace only agreed in 2018. The confrontation took place on the borders of the Tigray Region- Eritrea and both countries spent hundreds of millions of dollars on the war and suffered tens of thousands of casualties as a direct consequence of the conflict. Only minor border changes resulted.
 Amhara Village, Amhara Region, Ethiopia. About 90% of the Amhara are rural and make their living through farming, mostly in the Ethiopian highlands. Recently, the government has invested in infrastructure such as houses, schools and wells for the rural population, in an effort to integrate the country.
 A boy named Kofi stands in front of a gas station that is being built next to his house on the road around Awash. Ethiopia, for the first time ever, began producing crude oil at Kalub and Hilala fields on Thursday in the eastern part of the country. The Chinese company Poly-GCL Petroleum Investment Limited is responsible for the extraction of both crude oil and natural gas in the Ogaden area, Somali regional state in eastern Ethiopia.
 Arega Tefera, left the rural area to work with tourism in the city of Lallibella.
 Bole, suburb of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. In order to modernize the capital Addis Ababa, the government has built a series of housing estates in the suburbs in order to allocate the population that has been removed from its original neighborhoods.
 Adunga, resident of one of the housing estates built by the government, Bole, Ethiopia.
 Modjo Dry Port is Ethiopia’s first dry port development which started on a small scale at the end of 2009, relieving the congested Djibouti facilities and strengthen the Ethio-Djibouti trade corridor.
 In capital Addis Ababa, an emerging consumer society is gaining ground, influenced by the presence of new Western and Chinese investments.
 Berhanu and his helper Dula, a private street guard in Addis Ababa. Berhanu came from the countryside to the capital in search of better opportunities. According to the Ethiopian Central Statistics Agency, the urban population is projected to nearly triple with annual growth rate of 3.8 percent. This means, it will reach 42.3 million by 2037.
 Ethiopia only opened recently to international tourism. The political context of closure, recurrent famines, and wars impeded the emergence of any tourist activity around the different Ethiopian World Heritage sites during the 1980s and 1990s. A "tourism master plan" is being finalized by the government to boost visitor numbers, which are already growing by 10% a year.
 For much of the last decade, Ethiopia has been a leading investment destination in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly from China, which has loaned more than 13 billion dollars between 2006 and 2015 for everything from roads and railways to commercial and industrial parks. In the capital Addis Ababa, the Chinese presence is still more evident, they are rebuilding the city.
 A skyscraper currently under construction by a Chinese company in Addis Ababa. Upon completion, it will be the tallest building in Addis Ababa and thus Ethiopia. It will serve as the headquarters of the state-owned Commercial Bank of Ethiopia, the country's largest bank.
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